For individuals and couples who face fertility issues despite the common first-line treatments such as IUI, in vitro fertilization (IVF) is the next step.
Worldwide, IVF is the most effective fertility treatment. It is the most common form of fertility treatment and is particularly helpful for women of advanced age, women with damaged fallopian tubes, male factor infertility, and many other factors.
I work in the IVF Center of Acibadem Fulya Hospital (Istanbul, Turkey). Our center specializes in IVF and has built a reputation as a respected source for this treatment. We try to offer a variety of modifications to the standard IVF process to help patients with specific disorders. Our ability to treat both routine and complicated cases is a testament to the IVF team, including myself, other fertility doctors, nurses, scientists, embryologists, and lab technicians who together provide you with individualized care, valuable insight and world-class care that maximizes your success.
Basics of IVF
Firstly, eggs are collected from the woman’s ovaries in a surgical procedure and fertilized by the male partner’s sperm in our embryology lab. If the male partner has an abnormal semen analysis, then fertilization is achieved by injecting a single sperm into each egg, which is called Intra-Cytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI).
If the fertilized eggs, which are called embryos, develop normally, they are implanted into the woman’s uterus three to five days after fertilization. They may also be frozen to use in a future IVF cycle.
Before implantation, embryos can also be tested genetically. Preimplantation genetic screening (PGT-A) and preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGT-M). These tests enable us to detect genetic or chromosomal defects in an embryo prior implantation.
PGT-A and PGT-M have been shown to increase success rates, reduce miscarriage, identify the cause of recurrent pregnancy losses or unsuccessful fertility cycles and avoid the passing of inherited genetic conditions on to children. These tests were formerly named, preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) and preimplantation genetic screening (PGS).
I work closely with each couple to determine an individualized and appropriate approach to help achieve the couple’s goals in creating or growing their family.
Each individual treatment is called an “IVF cycle.” One IVF cycle is usually around 2-3 weeks.